Table of Contents
Acacia albida Del. Family
Acacia albida Del. English Name
Acacia albida Del. Local Name
Sudani Kikar, Sufed Kikar
Acacia albida Del. Description
A small to large, deciduous tree, 6 to 30 in in height with a spreading crown. The leaves are compound. The bark is rough, greenish grey to dark brown. The flowers are in bunches 3.5 to 14 cm long. Flowering occurs between February and April. The pads are 6 to 25 cm long and 2 to 5 cm wide. The pods mature between March and May. It is easily reproduced from seed or by vegetative means. Seed stores for at least 12 months treated with insecticides and sealed in airtight drums. It has a fairly rapid growth rate but does not take the form of a tree for several years. A MAI of 2 to 3 m3 /ha/yr has been recorded. Wood is soft, with a specific gravity of 0.59 and a calorific value of 4910 kcal/kg. Wood is light or whitish grey having smooth grains and not very strong.
Acacia albida Del. Distribution
The tree is native to tropical and subtropical Africa. In Pakistan it is planted along the Kurram Garhi Canal and in botanical and research gardens. It is an intolerant, drought hardy tree that is really adaptable and will grow on a variety of coarse textured soils that are well drained. It requires precipitation of 250 to 400 mm; it will grow in zones of less rainfall along riverbanks or where there is a shallow water table. It will grow in arid subtropical to tropical areas up to 2400 m. It has a temperature range of -5 to 45°C, which indicates some frost hardiness. At present no disease or insects problems have been identified. USES: This is a very useful tree in arid areas of Pakistan. Ideally suited for planting along riverbanks and canals. In Africa, it is reported to shed its leaves in the wet seasons and provide fodder during the dry period. This characteristic, along with its ability to fix nitrogen makes it a good farm forestry tree. Also used as Fodder, fuel, and timber (construction, boat building).