Forest EcologyGeneral SilviculturePlant Taxonomy

Acer oblongum Wall. Ex D.C.

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Acer oblongum Wall. Ex D.C. Family


Acer oblongum Wall. Ex D.C. English Name

Himaliyan Maple

Acer oblongum Wall. Ex D.C. Local Name

Kiromeli, Panhgor

Acer oblongum Wall. Ex D.C.

Acer oblongum Wall. Ex D.C. Description

A slow growing deciduous tree 12 to 15 m tall. The crown is closed, oval shaped and stem diameters of 40 to 50 cm have been reported. Leaves are simple, alternate, and oblong to lance shaped, 5 to 18 cm long and 2 to 8 cm wide. The older leaves may drop as new leaves are formed so the tree may never appear leafless. The bark is grey, smooth with vertical wrinkles, and the trunk often irregularly swollen at the base.  The flowers are small, yellowish-green and are arranged in small, dense bunches. It flowers between February and April. The seed are borne in pairs. The seeds are flattened, joined and each seed has a thin papery wing (double samara). The seed matures between May and November. It can be reproduced both from seed and by vegetative means. Initial growth is slow but increases with age. Average height growth for 4 years is 2 m and a MAI of 2.25 m3/ha/yr has been recorded. Grain is straight, slightly interlocking, and very fine textured. Sapwood and heartwood are not distinct and are white to greyish brown. Weak in strength having specific gravity of 0.70

Acer oblongum Wall. Ex D.C.

Acer oblongum Wall. Ex D.C. Distribution

This tree is native to Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, and South China. In Pakistan it is found in a sub-Himalayan tract, eastward from the Indus River. It is grown as an ornamental in the plains. A moderately shade tolerant (at least at an early age) tree that grows on a variety of well drained sites. It is quite adaptable on porous soils. It requires a precipitation zone of 750 to 1500 mm/yr. It prefers a humid cool, to sub-tropical monsoon climate with a temperature range of -3.5 to 40°C, and elevation range of 600 to 2000 m. It is frost hardy. It has no significant insect or disease problems

Acer oblongum Wall. Ex D.C.

Acer oblongum Wall. Ex D.C. Uses

This tree is rare or hard to find in Pakistan. Because it can be used as a fodder tree and is good for shade and fuel, it has potential as a farm forestry tree. It is a valuable component of the mixed coniferous forest and is being harvested without replacement. It is easily established by planting. Fodder, agricultural implements, fuel, and ornamental.

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