AFFORESTATION OF COASTAL, INLAND AND SAND DUNES:
- Riverine and inland are two forests in Sindh
- Forests lying in the vicinity of Riverine Forests are called Inland forests _ fig
- Similarly, forests situated near the border of the sea are coastal forests. These are sandy so-called Coastal Lands
- Coastal sands have a moderate temperature, high humidity, water table near the surface, and more lime content in comparison with inland.
- The salinity of water is less if it is close to the mouth of the river
- Instability is frequent, the sands are blown away by winds or from other areas accumulated here
- These coastal sands are the result of the deposition of the silt and sand particles
- Same is the process with Cholistan and Rajhistan Deserts
- On sea coast make pits for planting for holding irrigation water
- In a desert, no need of pits just removes the grasses and weeds around the plant but not from interspaces because of these help in protecting from wind pressure.
- The first step in this direction is the growing of grasses and shrubs like Acacia jaequemanti, Tamarix spp, Calligomium spp, Saccharum spp, etc are preferred.
- Plant everything in wind direction.
- Sometimes gully bags are hanged across wind direction.
- Oil or tar coal or bitumen can be sprayed over sand. Once the soil is stabilized then spp are selected.
- Near the sea, Casuarina equisetifolia is planted while in Sindh Coconut is successfully planted.
Image: Mangroves Planting | Jewani, Gwadar, Balochistan | June 08, 2011 | Captured by Author
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NJMH is working as Deputy Conservator of Forests in Balochistan Forest & Wildlife Department (BFWD). He is the CEO of Tech Urdu (techurdu.net) Forestrypedia (forestrypedia.com), Majestic Pakistan (majesticpakistan.pk), All Pak Notifications (allpaknotifications.com), Essayspedia, etc & their YouTube Channels). He is an Environmentalist, Blogger, YouTuber, Developer & Vlogger.