Afforestation on Farm Lands /Cultivated Lands

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General Considerations:

  • This is not meant for planting trees instead of agriculture but to help the later
  • For instance, in dry areas to reduce the loss of moisture
  • However, following purposes are our objectives:
    • Conservation of soil moisture
    • To stop erosion in arid areas.
    • In dry areas, seedlings are killed by sandblasting
    • To neutralize the condition for animals and working people in fields
    • To obtain additional income
    • Trees are necessary against deposition of sand

Site Conditions:

  • Comparatively favorable

Choice of Spp:

  • Trees should be deciduous
  • The line of trees should be like a wall against wind directions
  • Taller the trees, better the safety (it height is 10ft it will protect 200ft; if ht is 20ft, then it will protect 400ft)
  • Trees should be single because of mixed spp cause management problems
  • Trees should be valuable like Dalbergia sissoo in irrigated areas whereas Tamarix spp in dry areas. Acacia spp can also be used

Site Preparation:

  • No need as the soil is already worked

Method of Stocking:

  • Shisham is raised in pits from Stumps
  • Tamarix from root cuttings
  • Poplar from second stage nursery
  • Trees are planted in belts perpendicular to the wind direction.
  • Areas where wind direction is not constant, cross belts serve the same purpose (separated by a distance of 40 times the height of the tree).
  • If trees are in a single row, they are Wind Breaks and obviously the Shelter Belts when grown in multiple queues.

Image: Afforestation of Mulberry (Morus alba) on Farm Lands | Mastung Balochistan | September 14, 2016 | Captured by Author

For correction and improvements please use the comments section below.

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Naeem Javid Muhammad Hassani

NJMH is working as Deputy Conservator of Forests in Balochistan Forest & Wildlife Department (BFWD). He is the CEO of Tech Urdu ( Forestrypedia (, Majestic Pakistan (, All Pak Notifications (, Essayspedia, etc & their YouTube Channels). He is an Environmentalist, Blogger, YouTuber, Developer & Vlogger.

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