An Introduction to Green Pakistan Programme (GPP)

An Introduction to Green Pakistan Programme (GPP)

Green Pakistan Programme (GPP) with the overall objective to facilitate the transition towards environmentally resilient Pakistan by mainstreaming notions of adaptation and mitigation through ecologically targeted initiatives covering afforestation, biodiversity conservation and enabling policy environment.

Green Pakistan Programme GPP - Tech Urdu


Objectives of Green Pakistan Programme

The specific objectives of the programme are:

  1. Plantation of indigenous and fast-growing local tree species including flowering and fruit trees, adding an additional one hundred (100) million new plants over the next five years to make the country green and aesthetically serene;
  2. Strengthening policy milieu for conservation and biodiversity;
  3. Supporting communication measures and demand mobilization for an environmentally resilient Pakistan.

The GPP has three[1] main components:
1)        The revival of Forestry Resources in Pakistan,
2)        The revival of Wildlife Resources in Pakistan

The GPP is funded and implemented by the federal, provincial and regional governments for five years (2016-2021) in 100 districts of the country covering important ecological areas such as mangrove forests, riverine forests, historical irrigated plantations, scrub forests, moist temperate forests and dry temperate forests including Juniper forests, Chilghoza forests, Guzara forests etc. and many protected areas.

Green Pakistan Programme GPP’s MAIN INTERVENTION AREAS

Enabling Policy Environment (e.g.)


  • Meaningful engagement of women in policy-making, planning, and management of
  • Improving intra and interdepartmental cooperation and coordination
  • Mainstreaming/ institutionalizing forestry concerns and remedial actions in  development plans of all other sectors especially infrastructure development, agriculture and livestock, water, energy, commerce, population planning,
  • Providing social recognition and Economic Incentives
  • Awareness raising followed by support for motivation and implementation
  • Capacity building of organizations (remove constraints)
  • Training of Project staff, relevant NGOs, Community activists, and other stakeholders
  • Improving Institutional framework Such as PPP based  forestation,
  • Promoting alternatives of timber and fuelwood (e.g. timber import,
  • Promoting innovation and technology for efficient use of water in irrigation
  • Improving legal framework to institutionalize policy reforms and support the objectives of forestry and wildlife sectors
SEE ALSO:  Onopordum leptolepis

Afforestation/Tree Planting


Categories of Interventions:


  • Nursery raising: and No. of plants per unit area that are fit for planting, innovation, technology
  • Block plantation (irrigated, dry)
  • Linear plantations (roadside, canal-side, rail-side, avenue):
  • Farm forestry/social forestry:
  • Hill/mountain planting
  • Mangrove planting
  • Riverine forest sowing/planting
  • Natural regeneration (protection- grazing control, fire control, weeding, water retention/diversion)
  • Promotional free distribution of Plants: need assessment, Spp., size, feasibility, awareness undertaken, promotional materials developed and distributed, demonstration and training, technical support in planting and maintenance, and follow up

Wildlife:

  • Planting/Improvement of wildlife Habitats for feed, shelter, and breeding
  • Propagation and conservation (species and habitats, Protected Areas) for preservation or sustainable use of species and their habitats

Thematic Areas:

  • Stakeholder Engagement
  • Gender integration
  • Support to activist(s)/social organizations/village conservation committees for successful wildlife conservation, afforestation, nursery raising …,
  • Effective Organisations’ Capacity building and training of Individuals followed by impact through nursery raising, successful planting, wildlife protection, conservation, development and sustainable use
  • Self-monitoring, evaluation, and documentation (including identification, selection, and documentation of good/best practices)
  • Efficient irrigation technology (drip, bubbler,…., lined channels, application of growth media/unharmful chemicals)
  • Planting after land reclamation (waterlogged, alkaline, sand dunes), and land development
  • Self-replication by the beneficiary after availing economic incentive(s)
  • PPP based forestation (cost and benefit sharing)
  • Fulfilling local needs – households, other social, cultural and commercial uses, Spp., size of products, reducing consumption by promoting alternatives
  • Afforestation/wildlife conservation, non-consumptive use (e.g. tourism) and sustainable use for livelihood/poverty reduction

[1] The third component “Strengthening of Zoological Survey of Pakistan” is being implemented by the Zoological Survey Department and is not relevant to this exercise.

See Also: 
The Most Comprehensive Video on Hingol National Park with English Subtitles / Captions
Turtle Species in Pakistan Face Extinction Threat (Latest Report)

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