Artificial Regeneration

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ARTIFICIAL REGENERATION:

Definition:
Regeneration means removal and replacement of forest crops. If this removal and replacement are done by artificial methods, it is called artificial regeneration. OR; if the removal and replacement of a forest crop involve human activities, it is called artificial regeneration.

SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES OF ARTIFICIAL REGENERATION:

  1. Artificial Regeneration is done for the introduction of the desired spp. (The spp is well developed, economical and requires less care)
  2. Artificial Regeneration is done for supplementation purposes to fill the bare areas in the forest where natural regeneration never comes.
  3. Artificial regeneration is also done for the introduction of valuable exotic spp.
  4. Artificial regeneration is also done to replace less valuable spp with more valuable spp.
  5. It is also done for afforestation purposes.
  6. It is also done to increase the density of the forest.
  7. It is also done to increase the density of the forest.
  8. It is also done to replace the natural regeneration.
  9. It is also done for environmental improvement and aesthetic purposes.

ADVANTAGES OF ARTIFICIAL REGENERATION

The following are demerits of natural regeneration but in favor of artificial regeneration:

  1. Quicker results because every work is carried out systematically
  2. Full and more even stocking
  3. Facility with which species composition can be regulated
  4. The concentration of forest work reducing costs and facilitating supervision
  5. More rapid early growth and so less risk from weeds.
  6. Better revenue even when the actual operation is not cheaper.

COMPARISON B/W ARTIFICIAL AND NATURAL REGENERATION

Artificial  Regeneration Natural Regeneration
i) It gives quicker results.
ii) Full and more even stocking
iii) Spp composition can be regulated.
– –       – –
iv) Soil is disturbed
v) There is the rapid result so less risk of weeds, browsing and other dangers
vi) Better yield is received
vii) There is no advance growth
viii) Maintenance and supervision easy
ix) It is an expensive method
x) We may get even-aged plantation
i) It is a slow process
ii) Uneven stocking
iii) Different spp grow in the same area naturally
iv) The soil is less exposed
v) Reduced risk of dangers from pest, diseases, etc.
vi) There is no surety of yield
vii) Advance growth is achieved
viii) Maintenance is difficult
ix) It is economical
x) All age classes are present.

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Naeem Javid Muhammad Hassani is working as Conservator of Forests in Balochistan Forest & Wildlife Department (BFWD). He is the CEO of Tech Urdu (techurdu.net) Forestrypedia (forestrypedia.com), All Pak Notifications (allpaknotifications.com), Essayspedia, etc & their YouTube Channels). He is an Environmentalist, Blogger, YouTuber, Developer & Vlogger.

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