Bauhinia variegata

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Last Updated on October 13, 2018 by Naeem Javid Muhammad Hassani



Bauhinia variegata

Vernacular

Kachnar کچنار

Family

Caesalpiniaceae.

Description

A medium size ornamental Tree planted in vast areas of the country. The flower buds are edible and considered quite a treat.

A medium sized tree with dark brown nearly smooth bark; young shoots pubescent. Leaves petiolate, petiole 2-3.8 cm long; lamina c. 4.5-15 cm long, as broad as or rather broader than long, with a medium cleft reaching from 1 /4 to 1/3 the way down, lobes obtuse, the base is deeply heart-shaped, 9-15 nerved, pubescent beneath when young. Inflorescence few flowered pubescent raceme. Pedicel short or absent, bracteole minute; hypanthium slender, c. 1.2-2.5 cm long. Calyx 2.0-2.7 cm long, tomentose, 5 toothed at the apex. Petals 5-6.3 cm long, obovate, with a long rather broad claw, all white or 4 petals pale purple and fifth darker with purple veins. Stamens 5, fertile, no staminodes. Ovary hairy, stipe 10-17 mm long; style long, stigma capitate. Pods 15.0-30 cm long, c. 1-2.5 cm broad, hard, flat, dehiscent 10-15 seeded; stipe glabrous.

Fl. Per.: Feb.-April.

Bauhinia variegata
Illustration: Asad

Uses

Generally cultivated as an ornamental plant. The leaves are given to cattle as fodder, flowers are used as pot herb and also made into pickles; wood is used in buildings and for making agricultural implements. The plant yields gum; the bark is used for dyeing and tanning. The plant is reputed to have medicinal properties also; the root is tonic and carminative, the flowers laxative and the bark astringent; various parts of the plant are reputed to have healing properties also.

Bauhinia variegata
Picture Location: Commissioner Office Loralai. 1400 m.

Courtesy

Flora of Balochistan – Pakistan

Flora of Pakistan




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Naeem Javid Muhammad Hassani

NJMH is working as Deputy Conservator of Forests in Balochistan Forest & Wildlife Department (BFWD). He is the CEO of Tech Urdu (techurdu.net) Forestrypedia (forestrypedia.com), Majestic Pakistan (majesticpakistan.pk), All Pak Notifications (allpaknotifications.com), Essayspedia, etc & their YouTube Channels). He is an Environmentalist, Blogger, YouTuber, Developer & Vlogger.

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