Cordia myxa C. B. Clarke. Family
Cordia myxa C. B. Clarke. English Name
Cordia myxa C. B. Clarke. Local Name
Cordia myxa C. B. Clarke. Description
A medium sized deciduous tree, 5 to 15 m tall. Leaves are simple, variable in shape, with the base rounded or heart shaped. The leaves are 7 to 13 cm long and 6 to 11 cm wide. The bark is brown and has deep fissures with numerous shallow fissures around the stem. The white yellowish-brown flowers hang in bunches. Each flower is between 0.5 to 1 cm across. The fruit, a drupe, is oblong 1 to 3 cm long. The drupe is yellowish brown, pink to black when ripe. The drupe is sweet and edible and matures in July and August. It has no known insects or disease problems of significant importance. It can be reproduced from seed. Seed will remain viable for one year. It is a very fast-growing tree. Grain is variable, texture is fine to medium. Greyish brown, reddish brown on exposure, lustre variable Sap wood with calorific value of 4900 kcal/kg.
Cordia myxa C. B. Clarke. Distribution
This tree is native to Pakistan and India. In Pakistan it in the sub-Himalayan tract from Rawalpindi eastward. It is also found in the Salt Range. An intolerant tree that does not do well in shade. It grows on a variety of soils where moisture is available, in microsites like nullas, gullies, pockets on hills where moisture will accumulate, near waterways, and in depressions. It requires a precipitation zone of 300 to 600 mm/yr or more. It prefers a dry sub-tropical to a dry temperate climate with a temperature range of 2 to 42°C at elevations up to 1500 m. It is frost and drought hardy.
Cordia myxa C. B. Clarke. Uses
This frost and drought resistant tree has value as a commercial timber tree. It can be planted on arid and semi-arid degraded sites. Farmers like it because of the fruit. It is an excellent farm forestry tree on harsh, degraded sites. Also used as fuel, fruit, implements, erosion control, and medicinal (fruit for cough, diseases of the chest).