Crataeva religiosa Linn.

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Crataeva religiosa Linn. Family

Bixaceae

Crataeva religiosa Linn. English Name

Religious Tree

Crataeva religiosa Linn. Local Name

Barna

Crataeva religiosa Linn.

Crataeva religiosa Linn. Description

A medium sized deciduous tree. Leaves may be trifoliate, ovate, obovate or lanceolate. They are acuminate and the base is attenuated to lateral oblique, entire, glabrous, and pale underneath. The bark is grey and nearly smooth. Flowers are 7 to 10 cm across, white, pale-yellow or reddish yellow in many flowered, lax corymbs. The 4 petals are long-clawed and ovate and occur between May and June. The berries are 2.5 to 3 cm in diameter and globose with many seeds embedded in the yellow pulp. The fruits mature between August and September. It has no known insects or disease problems of significant importance. It can be reproduced from seed or suckers. It is a fast-growing tree going up to 30 cm/yr in height. This tree regenerates profusely from root suckers and is planted for its handsome aromatic flowers.

Crataeva religiosa Linn.

Crataeva religiosa Linn. Distribution

: This tree is native to the sub-Himalayan tract from the Ravi River eastward. It appears to be wild on the plains but is probably self-sown from cultivated trees. It is often planted in graveyards for shade. An intolerant tree that grows well in arid areas on sandy loam, saline or even calcareous soils. It requires a precipitation zone of 500 to 800 mm/yr. It prefers a semi-arid, hot sub-tropical climate with a temperature range of 5 to 40°C.

Crataeva religiosa Linn.

Crataeva religiosa Linn. Uses

Used for afforestation, ornamental, and apiculture purposes

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