Table of Contents
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. Family
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. English Name
Red River Gum
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. Local Name
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. Description
A large, evergreen tree, up to 40 m tall with a diameter of 1 to 2 m. The crown is spreading and irregular. The leaves are simple, narrow and lance shaped, 6 to 30 cm long and 0.8 to 2 cm wide. The leaves have a unique eucalyptus smell when crushed. The bark is smooth, and stem may be crooked. The bark is whitish, pale grey with mottle reddish patches. Pieces of the bark will shed in long strips or irregular flakes. The flowers, which occur in groups of fives and tens, bloom usually between May and June. The fruit is a capsule containing many small seeds and is shaped like a half globe 0.7 cm in diameter. The capsules mature between September and October. Young trees may be attacked by termites, but with age it is pest free. It is reproduced both from seed and by vegetative means. Seed sealed in airtight containers will remain viable for long periods in cold storage. It grows very fast. Height growth rates of 0.3 m/month for young stands have been reported. MAI of 10 to 25 m3/ha/yr is not uncommon. Twisted and interlocked, medium coarse, uneven texture Grains. Sapwood is light grey; heartwood is reddish brown with specific gravity of 0.71 and a calorific value of 4900 kcal/kg, with high strength.
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. Distribution
The tree is native to Australia. It is widely planted in arid areas throughout the world. In Pakistan it is successfully planted throughout the plains and in the hills. A very intolerant tree that grows on a variety of soils. It does well on saline, sodic and waterlogged sites. It is adapted to a precipitation zone of 200 to 1250 mm/yr or more. It prefers a semi-arid, warm hot, sub-tropical winter/monsoon rain climate with a temperature range of -5 to 40°C at elevations up to 1400 m. It coppices well and can be grown in mixed stands. It is frost hardy and can tolerate hot droughty conditions if irrigated or if there is a shallow water table.
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. Uses
This is a good tree for reforestation projects because of its fast growth and wood value. Farmers like it because of its fast growth. There is some evidence that this tree may compel with crops for moisture. It is an excellent farm forestry tree ideally suited for planting on saline, sodic and waterlogged farm sites. Also used in carriages, fuel, charcoal, furniture, oil (leaves), shelterbelt, apiculture, pulp, and fiber board.