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For The First Time in Human History Atmospheric CO2 Just Exceeded 415 ppm

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It’s Official Now

Another alarming milestone of humanity’s damaging effect on the environment has now officially been reached – crossing a barrier into a hot, polluted future like the planet hasn’t witnessed in millions of years.

415 ppm for the First Time in Human History

On 11th May 2019, researchers from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography recorded CO2 concentration at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii. Earth’s atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) passing 415 parts per million (ppm) for the first time since before the ancient dawn of humanity.

“This is the first time in human history our planet’s atmosphere has had more than 415 ppm CO2,” meteorologist Eric Holthaus tweeted.

“Not just in recorded history, not just since the invention of agriculture 10,000 years ago. Since before modern humans existed millions of years ago. We don’t know a planet like this.”

It was only a few years ago that carbon pollution in the atmosphere soared past 400 ppm, and it didn’t take long much longer to reach 410 ppm (in 2017).

Carbon Records Broken

For The First Time in Human History Atmospheric CO2 Just Exceeded 415 ppm - Forestrypedia

May 2019 has already seen a number of incremental carbon records broken, including a mistaken reading published on the Scripps website that records the ppm data – The Keeling Curve – which suggested the 415 threshold was actually breached on May 3.

This time, unfortunately, there appears to be no doubt of where we’ve arrived at.

“The average growth rate is remaining on the high end,” said the director of the Scripps CO2 program, Ralph Keeling.

“The increase from last year will probably be around three parts per million whereas the recent average has been 2.5 ppm. Likely we’re seeing the effect of mild El Niño conditions on top of ongoing fossil fuel use.”

It’s that ongoing fossil fuel use that’s the real problem here.

Atmospheric CO2 in 1900s

As recently as 1910, atmospheric CO2 stood at 300 ppm – higher than it had been for some 800,000 years at least – but jumped up another 100+ ppm over the next century as pollution levels skyrocketed.

Obviously, crossing 400 ppm was a hugely symbolic moment, numerically at least, but the symbolism doesn’t end there.

For The First Time in Human History Atmospheric CO2 Just Exceeded 415 ppm - Forestrypedia

Effects of Increase in Atmospheric CO2

The last time Earth scaled such dangerous heights (and heats), there were trees in the South Pole.

But the alarming hockey stick trajectory of current CO2 ppm increases mean we basically have no idea how bad things could get if we don’t stop adding to the problem at such an accelerated rate.

If carbon pollution keeps getting thicker in our atmosphere, more and more heat will become trapped on Earth, which will make the future of global warming look like something out of the planet’s distant, steamy past hundreds of millions of years ago.

In the worst-case CO2 scenarios, far from now, a broken, uninhabitable Earth would be more like a toxic alien planet than the lush refuge we know today: we’re talking clouds breaking apart in the sky and hellish oceans boiling until they evaporate.

The very years we are living in right now are our last opportunity to stop these processes from seizing the reins forever more.

There is still hope, but we can only change this trajectory if we collectively focus on changing the systems driving it, from how we get our energy to how we do economics. 


Naeem Javid Muhammad Hassani is working as Conservator of Forests in Balochistan Forest & Wildlife Department (BFWD). He is the CEO of Tech Urdu ( Forestrypedia (, All Pak Notifications (, Essayspedia, etc & their YouTube Channels). He is an Environmentalist, Blogger, YouTuber, Developer & Vlogger.

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