Heterophragma adenophyllum Seem.

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Heterophragma adenophyllum Seem. Family

Bignoniaceae

Heterophragma adenophyllum Seem. English Name

Karen Wood

Heterophragma adenophyllum Seem. Local Name

Mostan Phul, Sanp Phali

Heterophragma adenophyllum Seem.

Heterophragma adenophyllum Seem. Description

A moderate sized deciduous tree. Leaves are compound, large 0.3 to 0.6 m long. Usually there are 5 to 7 leaflets per leaf. The flowers are large, brownish yellow, 6.35 to 7.62 cm across. It flowers in November. The fruit is a large capsule 0.3 to 0.9 m long cylindrical ribbed, and twisted maturing between January and February. It can be reproduced from seed. The seed is viable only when fresh. It has no known insect or pest problems. It grows approximately 1m in height every 2 years. Because of its large flowers it has some value as a landscape ornamental. Sapwood is light yellow, and the heartwood is orange yellow with occasional dark streaks. Straight, fine textured, even grained having calorific value of 4800 kcal/kg, with high strength.

Heterophragma adenophyllum Seem.

Heterophragma adenophyllum Seem. Distribution

The tree is native to the eastern Himalayas through Burma to the northern parts of Malaya. It is planted as an ornamental in Pakistan. Seed is available from the main avenue of Peshawar University Campus. An intolerant tree that requires full sunlight to develop to a mature tree. It grows well in moist situations on deep soils that are well drained. It requires a precipitation zone of at least 800 mm/yr. It prefers a sub-humid, tropical climate with a temperature range of 0 to 40°C.

Heterophragma adenophyllum Seem.

Heterophragma adenophyllum Seem. Uses

Furniture, fuel, and ornamental.

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