Last Updated on October 10, 2018 by Naeem Javid Muhammad Hassani
“Chambeli” چمبیلی; Spanish Jasmine.
Shrub large, sometimes scandent; branches striate, glabrous, green. Leaves opposite, 5-12 cm long, petiolate, petiole and midrib margined; leaflets (5-) 7-11, glabrous, dark green, the upper pair with a broad flat base, often confluent with the terminal leaflet; the terminal hardly larger, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate. Flowers fragrant, in lax axillary or terminal cymes, the stalks of later flowers exceeding the first or central ones; pedicels up to 3 cm long. Bracts linear, 5 mm long. Calyx teeth 5, linear, 7-12 mm long. Corolla white, sometimes tinged with red outside, tube c. 2 cm long, lobes 5, oblong, shorter than the tube, involute at the margins.
Fl. Per.: Warm season, sometimes the whole year.
Distribution: subtropical NW. Himalaya, 500-1500 m. Wild in Salt Range and Rawalpindi Hills (according to Parker), Karot forest. Frequently cultivated. The leaves and flowers have long been known in indigenous medicine; the leaves are adstringent in action. The whole plant is considered to be anthelmintic and diuretic. The perfume from the flowers is highly priced.
National Flower of Pakistan.
NJMH is working as Deputy Conservator of Forests in Balochistan Forest & Wildlife Department (BFWD). He is the CEO of Tech Urdu (techurdu.net) Forestrypedia (forestrypedia.com), Majestic Pakistan (majesticpakistan.pk), All Pak Notifications (allpaknotifications.com), Essayspedia, etc & their YouTube Channels). He is an Environmentalist, Blogger, YouTuber, Developer & Vlogger.