“Chambeli” چمبیلی; Spanish Jasmine.
Shrub large, sometimes scandent; branches striate, glabrous, green. Leaves opposite, 5-12 cm long, petiolate, petiole and midrib margined; leaflets (5-) 7-11, glabrous, dark green, the upper pair with a broad flat base, often confluent with the terminal leaflet; the terminal hardly larger, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate. Flowers fragrant, in lax axillary or terminal cymes, the stalks of later flowers exceeding the first or central ones; pedicels up to 3 cm long. Bracts linear, 5 mm long. Calyx teeth 5, linear, 7-12 mm long. Corolla white, sometimes tinged with red outside, tube c. 2 cm long, lobes 5, oblong, shorter than the tube, involute at the margins.
Fl. Per.: Warm season, sometimes the whole year.
Distribution: subtropical NW. Himalaya, 500-1500 m. Wild in Salt Range and Rawalpindi Hills (according to Parker), Karot forest. Frequently cultivated. The leaves and flowers have long been known in indigenous medicine; the leaves are adstringent in action. The whole plant is considered to be anthelmintic and diuretic. The perfume from the flowers is highly priced.
National Flower of Pakistan.