Lists of Fauna (Mammals, Reptiles and Birds) of Chiltan Hazar Ganji National Park
Table of Contents
چلتن ہزار گنجی نیشنل پارک کے حیوانات (ممالیہ جانور، رینگنے والے جانور اور پرندے) کی فہرستیں
Overall Information about the Species in Protected Areas which have been Survived
As per the overall status of the Specks which have been surveyed in Protected Arca. total 191 species of fauna have been shared with respondents and this status was assessed. The list of 191 species was obtained from the Zoological Survey of Pakistan. These 191 species have been segregated in three types of Fauna specks such as Mammals, Birds and Reptiles, therefore, the list or 31 local Mammals of the Protected Area was displayed to respondents initially. Then the list of 132 local Birds was shared and finally the list of 23 local Reptiles was displayed and the reflection of the respondents were recorded for analysis. The respondents were asked for including any further species which are not mentioned in the lists however they were found satisfied and they have not included any specie.
Respondents’ Perception on the Status of All Fauna Species In PA:
At the stage of cumulative analysis of the status of the all-Fauna species in the Protected Area as have been shown in below figure. it has been observed that (7%) of the species are declining. (10%) are improving while the vast majority of the Fauna species (65%) are sustainable. However. the respondents of the survey were either unknown about the (18%) of the species or they were of opinion that these species arc not this protected arca. The overall status of the conservation of the Fauna species is quite encouraging.
Reasons: The reasons for the majority of species are sustainable are the well protection of the protected area by the Forest and Wildlife Department of Government of Balochistan and involvement of local community through tribal leadership in protection on volunteer basis. The reasons for the declining of (7) percent of the species have been observed that these species are mostly due to drought occurrence, migration of species and somewhere hinting practices of the people when they get chance because the access to the area is a challenge. Finally, the improving status of the (10) percent of species are vice versa, and this situation is due to protecting measures taken by all stakeholders on the potential sites of protected area. Predators Such as Wolf (CAMS lupus) and Hyaena (Striped Hyaena) and others have been observed by local population time and again on different locations. These predators have been adversely affected in past due to long spells of droughts and due to extra ordinary deforestation while now they ate increasing due to availability of prays in protected area.
Respondents’ perception on the status of Mammals Species in Protected Area:
Since the Mammals am most concerned species of Fauna species in most of the Protected Area and particularly in Balochistan due to their exposure, accessibility, visibility to human being and the most vulnerable by hunting habits of human being therefore the protection and conservation of this type species arc main thrust of all stakeholders. Chiltan Hazarganji protected area has been also protected and declared as national park by the Government of Balochistan due to the special importance of famous Mammal Species Chiltan Markhor. Below figure shows the result that a very small number of the Mammals species (10%) am with the status of decaling in this Protected Area. Though a sufficient percentage (45%) of the Mammals species are ranked as sustainable by the respondents. However, the status of the improving species (26%) is a sign of positive trend. The reasons behind the increasing trend are the protection measure adapted, fencing of the potential areas of National Park. control on hunting in Core Zone and general public awareness. On the other hand, the reasons for decreasing trend could be the regular occurrence of droughts and migration of some of the species or could be the non-visibility of these species to common public.
Respondents’ perception on the Status of Bird Fauna Species in Protected Area.
Below figure shows the public perception about trend of increasing, sustainability and decreasing of Birds species in this protected area and it reflects that (7%) of Bird species are facing the challenge of decreasing while (5%) of Bird species are increasing. However, a sufficient number of the species (73%) have been ranked as sustainable by the respondents. The result revealed a positive impact of the protection in this protected area.
In contradiction of status of Mammals species ranked by the respondents, the declining trend of the Bird species is slightly high and is only 7 percent and the reasons are regular occurrence of drought and better migration opportunity to other potential spots. The trend of suitability of Bird species 73 percent is a very positive and this positivity has Finally, the increasing trend of Bird species only 4 percent in comparison pf not encouraging and this is because the impact of protective measures is low likening on Mammals.
Respondents’ perception about the status of Reptiles in Protected Area.
The results of above figure show the public perception about increasing, sustainability and decreasing trends of Reptiles species in this protected area and the figure illustrate that (4%) of Reptiles species am in the decreasing situation while an encouraged increase trend of Reptile species has been observed (18%) by the response of respondents. Likewise, a positive trend of suitability of the Reptile species (54%) have been ranked by the respondents. The result revealed a positive and satisfactory impact of the protection in this protected area on Reptile species in particular however, the unknown response (25%) about the reptile species is also a point of concern and it can affect the result of increasing and sustainability trend and it need further scientific research study which has been proposed in recommendations.
The increasing trend of Reptiles species has been ranked at the top 18 percent among other Fauna species in this Protected Area by the respondents. The reasons are less interest of hunter in hunting of these species, the underground shelter which reduce their visibility, their association dependency on microorganisms and drought resistance ability. These reasons are also the causes of less decaling trend 4 percent and unknown-ranking trend of reptiles in this Protected Area by respondents. It could be the reasons that the local population and field staff are mostly sensitized and keen observer of protection and conservation pf Mammal species.
Courtesy: Mr. Niaz Khan Kakar P.D TBTTP Wildlife Balochistan and Mr. Naeem Javid Muhammad Hassani CF M&E TBTTP Wildlife Balochistan