METHODS OF PLANTING:
Planting in a field has numerous methods varying widely in techniques and tools used. Successful plantation depends upon the ability of roots of the planted tree to region contact with the soil so that uptake of water and nutrients can be resumed.
Different plants have different planting methods. Some of the planning methods are as follows.
- Planting with naked roots.
- notch planting
- planting with a ball of earth
- planting with containers
- deep planting
- stump planting
- branch and stem cutting
- root cutting
- brick planting
Planting with naked root:
This method is applied in case of deciduous spp. In this case, a pit is dug up with spades and the seeding is planted in the center. The pit should be at least as deep as the length of the roots. The excavated soil is then pushed back into the pit and pressed firmly.
Notch is a V-shaped figure. Instead of digging a pit, a notch is made in the soil and seedling is planted. This is the quickest and most rough method than the first method.
This method is applied is sandy and areas with light soils. The spade is pushed into the soil obliquely and then pulled in the opposite direction. The seeding is put in the notch and the spade is pulled out. After pulling out the spade, the soil automatically returns and the notches filled back again. If the sol does not return then another notch is made at some distance and thus the first notch is filled automatically due to side pressure.
Pre-germinated seeds are also planted by this method.
Planting with Ball of Earth:
This method is applied to those species which are delicate, comparatively large in size and cannot bear exposure of roots. Handling of such plants must be by a ball of earth and not by the stem. The plant can live for longer periods and would not dir even if actual planting is delayed. The plant bonded with roots will supply food to the fronts for few days.
Planting with Containers:
Containers can be made of any material like concrete, metal, wood or plastics. Some are of big size eg tin of ghee and oils, etc. plants are raised in containers in the nurseries and transported to the site for planting. There is no disturbance to the plant during transportation. In case of planting with naked root and planting with a ball of earth, the great disturbance is caused to the plant during transplanting. Before planning hared containers must be remove. Polythene bags should be split.
Cost of the container is a disadvantage of this method but the rate of growth and survival percentage of container plant is very great.
Deep planting means that the seed collar of seedling should be below the soil surface and some portion of the stem should be buried in the soil. This method is adopted in very dry areas where moisture is very deep in the soil.
It is root-shoot cutting. These are pruned root shoot sticks. Their sizes can vary but the common size is 9 inches root portion and 3 inches shoot portion dia ½ inches or 1 inch.
The advantage of stump planting in case of the carriage, less risk of damage during transplanting and the chances of success are more. It was suggested that the use of stump has resulted in rottening but not proven. See pic
Branch and Stem Cutting:
Branch and stem cuttings of poplar, willows, and Tamarix are commonly planted.
Poplars are planted by this method also. The plants which produce root suckers freely under natural condition can certainly be propagated by root cuttings eg Aesculus, Albezzia, Robinia, etc.
Shoots are developed either from lateral or adventitious buds.
It is an underground stem. Bamboo is planted by this method as well as the ground grasses are also planted by this method. (pic showing rhizome)
In this method, the seedling is raised in the nursery in bricks made up of soil. In the center of the brick, there is a cavity (hole). This cavity is filled with fertile soil and the seedling is planted in it. When the seedlings are ready they are planted out along with the brick. This method is adopted in sandy desert areas where there is a problem of shifting sands.
The disadvantage of this method is the cost of preparation of katcha Brick and their large weight.
Image: Ornamental Plants Planted in Special Green Pakistan Programme Pots. Distributed among District Naseerabad Offices, etc. | February 22, 2018 | Image Captured by Author
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NJMH is working as Deputy Conservator of Forests in Balochistan Forest & Wildlife Department (BFWD). He is the CEO of Tech Urdu (techurdu.net) Forestrypedia (forestrypedia.com), Majestic Pakistan (majesticpakistan.pk), All Pak Notifications (allpaknotifications.com), Essayspedia, etc & their YouTube Channels). He is an Environmentalist, Blogger, YouTuber, Developer & Vlogger.