Forest EcologyGeneral SilviculturePlant Taxonomy

Morus serrata Roxb.

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Morus serrata Roxb. Family


Morus serrata Roxb. English Name

Himalayan mulberry

Morus serrata Roxb. Local Name


Morus serrata Roxb.

Morus serrata Roxb. description

This plant is a small deciduous tree growing to up to 15 to 20m tall. Bark of the trunk is smooth when it is young and scaly when it is older with reddish to grey, brown in colour. The leaves are 8 to15 cm long and 5 to 10cm wide and there are densely hairy veins are present on underneath, with the upper surface hairless. The edible fruit is a 2 to5 cm long compound cluster of several small drupes fully ripe fruit is red in colour. These plants have brittle roots and so they are needed to be handled with extreme care when planting them out, because mulberries bleed severely when cut.

Morus serrata Roxb.

Morus serrata Roxb. Distribution

The tree thrives in Himalayan regions of Pakistan, western India, Nepal, and China. Its habitat is Forest and shrubby area, at height from 1200-3000m. It favours sunny position in a warm well-drained loamy soil.

Morus serrata Roxb.

Morus serrata Roxb. Uses

It has both edible and medicinal uses. The fruit can be eaten as raw as it has very good taste. The juice of the fruit can be used to make special medicine that remove parasitic worms and other internal parasites from the body. The tree is frequently cultivated for shade near temples or houses. It is lopped for fodder. The leaves are used for feeding silkworms. The juice of the root is used as an anthelmintic. The fruit is used in the treatment of coughs and throat irritations. The hard tough timber is used for furniture and carving, toys, troughs and agricultural implements.

(Tikader and Dandin, 2005)

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