Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.

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Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Family

Leguminosae

Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. English Name

Manila Tamarind

Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Local Name

Jangali Jalebi

Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.

Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Description

An almost evergreen, thorny, medium sized tree, 20 m tall. The crown is broad and spreading, to 30 m in diameter. The stem is short and is up to 31 cm in diameter. Foliage is feathery-like and the leaves are compound. 1 to 2.5 cm long. The bark is smooth grey with small, yellowish white spots. The flowers are small, greenish white and are arranged in long bunches. It flowers between October and April. The pods are flat, 10 to 12.5 mm long and mature between April and June. Grazing can be a problem but, once established, it is very difficult to eradicate. Insect and disease problems include leaf spot and defoliators plus it is a favored host of the thorn bug. It is reproduced both from seed and by vegetative means. The seed remains viable for long periods of time. Pretreatment of seed with a water soak will speed up germination. This tree is adapted to a variety of sites and soils. It coppices readily. Young plants need protection from grazing and frost. Because of its profuse seeding habit can quickly become a weed problem and is difficult to eradicate. Sapwood is whitish and heartwood is reddish brown. Dense with a specific gravity of 0.65 and a calorific value of 5600 kcal/kg. Straight grained.

Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.

Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Distribution

The tree is native to Mexico, southern California, and south into Central and South America. It has been successfully planted throughout sub-tropical parts of the world In Pakistan it is cultivated in the Punjab and Sindh. An aggressive tolerant tree that is quite adaptable and will grow on most soils from clays to sands including areas of brackish water tables and saline soils. It requires a summer precipitation zone of 400 to 600 mm/yr and is considered drought hardy. It prefers a warm sub-tropical to tropical climate with a temperature range of 7 to 45°C at elevations up to 1500m.

Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.

Pithecolobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Uses

The tree is native to Mexico, southern California, and south into Central and South America. It has been successfully planted throughout sub-tropical parts of the world In Pakistan it is cultivated in the Punjab and Sindh. An aggressive tolerant tree that is quite adaptable and will grow on most soils from clays to sands including areas of brackish water tables and saline soils. It requires a summer precipitation zone of 400 to 600 mm/yr and is considered drought hardy. It prefers a warm sub-tropical to tropical climate with a temperature range of 7 to 45°C at elevations up to 1500m.

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