Forest EcologyGeneral SilviculturePlant Taxonomy

Prunus padus L.

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Prunus padus L. Family


Prunus padus L. English Name

Bird Cherr

Prunus padus L. Local Name

Prunus padus L.

Prunus padus L. Description

This plant is a small deciduous tree or a large shrub having height of about 15 to 17 m. Branches are ascending and rounded shape. The bark is rough and brownish grey. The leaves of the plant are alternate and up to 6 to 13 cm long and 3 to 6cm broad. The petiole is about 1-2cm long. Flowers are white, broad and fragmented and petals are 5 to 8 mm long. Fruit is small, black, shiny, and glossy and it has bitter taste.

Prunus padus L.

Prunus padus L. Distribution

It is native to northern Europe and central Asia, including Japan. It also inhabits in all of Eastern Europe as well as In Asia it is found throughout the forests of Siberia, the Russian Far East, Korea, Hokkaido, and parts of China with pockets in the Himalayas including northern areas of Pakistan. It prefers to grow streams and in moist open woods, usually on alkaline soils, but also found on acid soils in upland areas. Forest and scrub, most frequently growing on calcareous or base-rich substrates, avoiding very dry or very acidic conditions.

Prunus padus L.

Prunus padus L. Uses

It has different uses. Fruit is eaten as raw or cooked. The fruit usually has a bitter taste and is used mainly for making jam and preserves. The fruit, dried and ground together with the stones, yields a powder used for tarts and in the preparation of a fruit liqueur Leaves are also cooked and eaten. Special type is made from the bark of the tree. It relaxed the body. This plant has been used as graft stock for sour cherry: it can be potentially used as a gene donor for crop improvement. It is an excellent garden ornamental plant: in the past this species was often moved from natural growing sites into home gardens especially in the areas where the climate is harsh.

(Donno et al., 2018)

(Wiesenborn, 2015)

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