Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. Family
Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. English Name
Lucky Bean Tree
Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. Local Name
Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. Description
This plant is evergreen dioecious tree having height of about 10 to 15m with pendent branches. Bark of the tree is yellowish grey in colour. The bark is bark grey and strong. Leaves are simple, alternate elliptic-oblong, acute, coriaceous, dark green, distantly serrulate, and wavy, with small stipules and the petiole is 5 to 7 mm long. The male flowers are yellowish and have rounded axillary clusters and present on the main branches. Female flowers are solitary or 2 to 3 together, greenish in colour and pedicels are 8 to 10 mm long. The flowering time of the plant is March and May. Fruit a drupe, 1 to 2cm long 1.5 cm broad and it is ellipsoid and pointed at both ends and yellowish white in colour. Only one and very hard seed is present.
Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. Distribution
It is native to Southeast Asia (Pakistan and India) Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Indonesia to New Guinea, and Japan. It is also cultivated in China and New Guinea. It grows very well at lower attitudes along riverbanks, in evergreen forests and shady valleys
Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. Uses
This Plant is usually grown as an ornamental plant. This plant is also known for its medicinal qualities. Leaves are used for treatment of illness, phlegm, skin ailment. The oil from the seed and leaf extracts are mostly used in making herbal medicines. A decoction of leaves and fruit is taken for the treatment of liver complaints, colds, fevers and rheumatism. The hard, white seeds of the fruit are threaded into necklaces and also used for rosaries. Necklaces made from the seeds are traditionally given to children as a protection from disease. Olive brown oil is obtained from the seed. It is used for burning. The grey wood is close-grained, moderately hard. The wood is sometimes used for construction, turnery, tool handles.
(Supriya et al., 2017)