Reptiles of Pakistan: Common Name, Scientific Name and Conservation Status

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This is the comprehensive list of Reptiles of Pakistan with their Common Name, Scientific Name and Conservation Status. Feel free to provide you feedback, input, and corrections (if any).


No. Common name Scientific name Conservation Status1 Distribution in Pakistan
Pond and River Turtles
1. Spotted Mud Turtle Geoclemys hamiltonii Vulnerable  
2. Crowned River Turtle Hardella thurjii Vulnerable  
3. Brown River turtle Kachuga smithii Low risk  
4. Sawback Turtle Kachuga tecta tecta Not evaluated  
5 Afghan Tortoise Testudo horsfieldii Vulnerable  
6 Sindh Star Tortoise Geochelone elegans Not evaluated  
Marine Turtle
7. Green turtle Chelonia mydas japonica Endangered  
8 Hawksbill Eretmochelys imbricate bissa Critically endangered  
9 Olive Ridley turtle Lepidochelys olivacea olivacea Endangered  
10 Loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta gigas Endangered  
11 Leatherback Dermochelys coriascea Critically endangered  
Softshell Turtles
12 Narrow-headed Softshell Chitra indica Endangered  
13 Indian Soft-shell Aspideretes gangeticus Vulnerable  
14 Peacock softshell Aspideretes hurum Vulnerable  
15 Indian Flapshell Lissemys punctata andersoni Not evaluated  
16 Mugger Crocodylus palustris palustris Vulnerable  
Eyelid and lidless Geckos
17 Nikolsky Spider Gecko Cyrtopodium agomuroides Not evaluated  
18 Sharp-tailed Spider Gecko Rhinogecko femoralis Not evaluated  
19. Blunt-tailed Spider gecko Agamura persica Not evaluated  

1 Conservation status is mentioned according to the Red List of IUCN, any species not mentioned in the red list is assumed as not evaluated.

No. Common name Scientific name Conservation Status1 Distribution in Pakistan
20. Baloch Rock Gecko Alsophylax tuberculatus Not evaluated  
21. Fat-tailed Gecko Eublepharis macularis Not evaluated  
22. Swat Stone Gecko Cyrtodactylus walli Not evaluated  
23. Warty Rock Gecko Cyrtodactylus kachhensis kachhensis Not evaluated  
24. Quetta Rock Gecko Cyrtodactylus kachhensis watsoni Not evaluated  
25. Ingoldby’s Stone Gecko Cyrtodactylus kachhensis ingoldbyi Not evaluated  
26. Salt Range Rock Gecko Cyrtodactylus montiumsalsorum Not evaluated  
27. Keeled Rock Gecko Cyrtodactylus scaber Not evaluated  
28. Minton’s Gecko Cyrtodactylus mintoni Not evaluated  
29. Hazara Gecko Cyrtodactylus dattanensis Not evaluated  
30. Persian pygmy Gecko Tropiocolotes persica Not evaluated  
31. Pygmy Flat Gecko Tropiocolotes depressus Not evaluated  
32 Spotted Indian house Gecko Hemidactylus brookii brookii Not evaluated  
33 Yellow-nellied House Gecko Hemidactylus flavivirdis Not evaluated  
34 South Asian Waif Gecko Hemidactylus frenatus Not evaluated  
35 Bark Gecko Hemidactylus leschenaultia Not evaluated  
36 Persian Gecko Hemidactylus persicus Not evaluated  
37 Bloched Gecko Hemidactylus triedrus triedrus Not evaluated  
38 Mediterranean Gecko Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus Not evaluated  
39. Fan Toe-tip Gecko Ptyodactylus homolepis Not evaluated  
40. Balochistan Sand Gecko Crossobamon lumsdenii Not evaluated  
41. Whip-tailed Sand Gecko Crossobamon maynardi Not evaluated  
42. Sindh Sand Gecko Crossobamon orientalis Not evaluated  
43. Batura thin-toed Gecko Tenuidactylus baturensis Not evaluated  
44. Fort Munro Gecko Tenuidactylus fortmunroi Not evaluated  
45. Soan Sakaser Gecko Tenuidactylus indusoani Not evaluated  

No. Common name Scientific name Conservation Status1 Distribution in Pakistan
46. Red tailed Gecko Tenuidactylus rhodocaudus Not evaluated  
47. Rohtas Fort Gecko Tenuidactylus rohtasfortai Not evaluated  
48. Sindh Ground Gecko Teratolepis fasciata Not evaluated  
49. Baluch Plate-tailed Gecko Teratoscincus microlepis Not evaluated  
50. Turkestan Plate-tailed Gecko Teratoscincus scincus Not evaluated  
51. Mountain Dwraf Gecko Tropiocolotes depresses Not evaluated  
52. Banded Dwarf Gecko Tropiocolotes helenae Not evaluated  
53. Kumaon Agama Japalura kumaonensis Not evaluated  
54. Agror Valley Agama Laudakia agrorensis Not evaluated  
55. Caucasian Rock Agama Laudakia caucasicus Not evaluated  
56. Badkshan Agama Laudakia badakhshana Not evaluated  
57. Himalayan Rock Agama Laudakia himalayanus himalyanus Not evaluated  
58. Black Rock Agama Laudakia melanurus Not evaluated  
59. Yellow-headed Black Agama Laudakia nuptus liratus Not evaluated  
60.   Laudakia melanurus melanurus Not evaluated  
61. Large scaled Agama Laudakia nuptus nuptus Not evaluated  
62. Yellow headed Agama Laudakia nuptus fusca Not evaluated  
63. Kashmir Rock Agama Laudakia tuberculatus Not evaluated  
64. Briliant Agama Trapelus agilus agilus Not evaluated  
65. Spotted Ground Agama Trapelus ruderatua Not evaluated  
66. Red throated Ground Trapelus rubrigularis Not evaluated  
67. Common Ground Agama Trapelus ruderata baluchiana Not evaluated  
68. Small tail Ground Agama Brachysaura minor Not evaluated  
69. Changeable Lizard Calotes versicolor Not evaluated  
70. Northern Forest Lizard Calotes versicolor farooqi Not evaluated  
71. Clark’s Toad-headed Agama Phrynocephalus clarkorum Not evaluated  

No. Common name Scientific name Conservation Status1 Distribution in Pakistan  
72. Beautiful Toad-head Agama Phrynocephalus euptilopus Not evaluated  
73. Speckled Toad-headed Agama Phrynocephalus luteoguttatus Not evaluated  
74. Black-tailed Toad Agama Phrynocephalus maculates maculatus Not evaluated  
75. Ornate Toaded-headed A Phrynocephalus ornatus Not evaluated  
76. Grey Toad-headed Agama Phrynocephalus scutellatus Not evaluated  
Spinytail Lizard
77. Baloch Spiny-tailed Lizard Urommastyx asmusi Not evaluated  
78. Common Spiny-tailed Urommastyx hardwickii Not evaluated  
79. Ceylon Chameleon Chamaeleo chamaeleo zeylanicus Not evaluated  
Sand Lizards  
80. Indian Fringe-toed sand L Acenthodactylus cantoris cantoris Not evaluated    
81. Mekran Fringe-toed Sand Lizard Acenthodactylus cantoris blanfordi Not evaluated  
82. Yellow-tailed Sand Lizard Acenthodactylus micropholis Not evaluated  
83. Recticulate Desert Lacerta Eremias acutirostris Not evaluated  
84. Chagai Desert Lacerta Eremias aporosceles Not evaluated  
85. Short-nosed Desert Lacerta Eremias brevirostris Not evaluated  
86. Yellow-headed desert Eremias faciata Not evaluated  
87. Long-tailed Desert Lacerta Eremias guttulata watsonana Not evaluated  
88. Caspian desert Lacerta Eremias scripta Not evaluated  
89. Persian Steppe Lacerta Eremias velox persica Not evaluated  
90. Elegant Snake-eyed Lacerta Ophisops elegans elegans Not evaluated  

No. Common name Scientific name Conservation Status1 Distribution in Pakistan  
91. Punjab Snake-eyed Lacerta Ophisops jerdonii Not evaluated  
92. Blanford Snake-eyed Lacerta Ophisops blanfordi Not evaluated  
93. Indian Snake-eyed Lacerta Ophisops microlepis Not evaluated  
94. Earless Dwarf Skink Ablepharus grayanus Not evaluated  
95. Easterm Dwarf Snake Ablepharus pannonianus Not evaluated  
96. Oceelated Skink Chalcides ocellatus ocellatus Not evaluated  
97. Orange-tailed Skink Eumeces schneiderii blythianus Not evaluated  
98. Zarudny’s Skink Eumeces schneiderii zarudnyi Not evaluated  
99. Yellow-bellied mole skink Eumeces taeniolatus Not evaluated  
100. Thal Skink Eumeces indothalensis Not evaluated  
101. Himalayan Ground Skink Leiolopisma himalayana Not evaluated  
102. Glacier Skink Leiolopisma ladacensis Not evaluated  
103. Striped Grass Skink Mabuya dissimilis Not evaluated  
104. Bronze Grass Skink Mabuya macularia Not evaluated  
105. Many Keeled Grass Skink Mabuya carinata Not evaluated  
106. Mekran sand Swimmer Ophiomorus blanfordi Not evaluated  
107. Short-toed Sand Swimmer Ophiomorus blanfordi Not evaluated  
108. Indus Sand Swimmer Ophiomorus raithmai Not evaluated  
109. Afghan sand Swimmer Ophiomorus tridactylus Not evaluated  
110. Dotted garden Skink Riopa punctata Not evaluated  
Monitor Lizards  
111. Yellow Monitor Varanus flavescens Not evaluated    
112. Indian Monitor Varanus bengalensis Not evaluated  
113. Transcaspian Desert Monitor Varanus griseus caspius Not evaluated  
114. Pakistan Desert Monitor Varanus griseus konieczsyi Not evaluated  

No. Common name Scientific name Conservation Status1 Distribution in Pakistan  
Blind Snakes
115. Brahminy Blind snake Typhlops braminus Not evaluated  
116 Ahsan’s Blind Snake Typhlops ahsanai Not evaluated  
117. Thick Blind Snake Typhlops diardi platyventris Not evaluated  
118 Slender Pakistani Blind Snake Typhlops ductuliformes Not evaluated  
119. Madge’s Blind Snake Typhlops m. madgemintonai Not evaluated  
120. Sherman’s Blind Snake Typhlops m. shermanai Not evaluated  
Thread Snakes
121 Sindh Thread Snake Leptotyphlops blandfordii Not evaluated  
122 Beaked Thread Snake Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus Not evaluated  
123 Russell’s Sand Boa Eryx conicus Not evaluated  
124 Indian Sand Boa Eryx johnii johnii Not evaluated  
125 Tartary Sand Boa Eryx tataricus speciosus Not evaluated  
126 Indian Python Python molurus molurus Near threatened    
127 Indian Gamma Snake Boiga trigonata trigonata Not evaluated    
128 Dark-headed Gamma Snake Boiga trigonata melanocephala Not evaluated  
129 Banded Racer Coluber faciolatus Not evaluated  
130 Spotted Desert Racer Coluber karelini karelini Not evaluated  
131 Minton’s Snake Coluber karelini mintonorum Not evaluated  
132 Mountain Racer Coluber ravergeiri ravergeiri Not evaluated  
133 Cliff Racer Coluber rhodorachis rhodorachis Not evaluated  
134. Red Cliff Racer Coluber rhodorachis ladacensis Not evaluated  
135 Kashmir Cliff Racer Coluber rhodorachis Not evaluated  

No. Common name Scientific name Conservation Status1 Distribution in Pakistan
136 Plain’s Racer Coluber v. ventromaculatus Not evaluated  
137. Bengal Plain’s Racer Coluber ventromaculatus bengalensis Not evaluated  
138 Indus Plain’s Racer Coluber ventromaculatus indusai Not evaluated  
139 Dark-neck Dwarf Racer Pseudocyclophis persica Not evaluated  
140 Sindh lake Snake Enhydris pakistanica Not evaluated  
141 Common Wolf Snake Lycodon aulicus aulicus Not evaluated  
142 Northern Wolf Snake Lycodon striatus striatus Not evaluated  
143 Golden Spotted Wolf Snake Lycodon striatus Not evaluated  
144 Travancore Wolf Snake Lycodon travancore Not evaluated  
145 Maynard’s Awl-headed Snake Lytorhynchus maynardi Not evaluated  
146 Sindh Awl-headed Snake Lytorhynchus maynardi Not evaluated  
147 Afghan Awl-headed Snake Lytorhynchus ridgewayi Not evaluated  
148. Flat-headed Keelback Amphiesma platyceps Not evaluated  
149 Siebold’s Snake Amphiesma sielboldii Not evaluated  
150 Striped Keelback Amphiesma stolata stolata Not evaluated  
151 Tessellated Water Snake Natrix tessellata tessellata Not evaluated  
152. Dark-bellied marsh snake Xenochrophis cerasogaster Not evaluated  
153. Johan’s water snake Xenochrophis sanctijohannis Not evaluated  
154 Checkered Keelback Xenochrophis piscator piscator Not evaluated  
155. Russet Kukri Snake Oligodon arnensis Not evaluated  
156 Streaked Kukri Snake Oligodon taeniolatus Not evaluated  
157 Indian Sand Snake Psammophis condanarus condanarus Not evaluated  
158 Pakistan Ribbon Snake Psammophis leithii Not evaluated  
159 Steppe Ribbon Snake Psammophis lineolatus Not evaluated  
160 Afro-asian Sand Snake Psammophis schokari Not evaluated  

No. Common name Scientific name Conservation Status1 Distribution in Pakistan  
161 Dhaman Ptyas mucosus Not evaluated  
162 Golden head Snake Sibynophis sagittarius Not evaluated  
163 Red-spotted Diadem Snake Spalerosophis arenarius Not evaluated  
164 Eastern Diadem Snake Spalerosophis diadema diadema Not evaluated  
165 Persian Diadem Snake Spalerosophis diadema schirazianus Not evaluated  
166 Indian Desert Cat Snake Telescopus rhinopoma Not evaluated  
Kraits and Cobras  
167 Krait Bungarus caeruleus Not evaluated    
168 Sindh Krait Bungarus s. sindanus Not evaluated  
169 Northern Punjab Krait Bungarus sindanus razai Not evaluated  
170 Indian Cobra Naja naja naja Not evaluated  
171 Oxus Cobra Naja naja oxiana Not evaluated  
Sea Snake  
172 Stoke’s Sea Snake Astrotia stokesii Not evaluated    
173 Beaked Sea snake Enhydrina schistose Not evaluated  
174 Many-toothed Sea Snake Hydrophis caerulescens caerulescens Not evaluated  
175 Annulated Sea Snake Hydrophis cyanocinctus Not evaluated  
176 Spotted Sea Snake Hydrophis fasciatus fasciatus Not evaluated  
177 Persian Gulf Sea Snake Hydrophis lapemoides Not evaluated  
178 Bombay Sea Snake Hydrophis mamillaris Not evaluated  
179 Ornate Sea Snake Hydrophis ornatus ornatus Not evaluated  
180 Yellow Sea Snake Hydrophis spiralis Not evaluated  
181 Short Sea Snake Lapemis curtus Not evaluated  
182 Cantor’s Small-headed Sea Snake Microcephalophis cantoris Not evaluated  
183 Common Small-headed Sea Snake Microcephalophis gracilis gracilis Not evaluated  

No. Common name Scientific name Conservation Status1 Distribution in Pakistan  
184 Pelagic Sea Snake Pelamis platurus Not evaluated  
185 Viperine Sea Snake Praescutata viperina Not evaluated  
Vipers and Pit Vipers  
186 Saw-scaled Viper Echis carinatus pyramidum Not evaluated    
187 Eastern Saw-scaled Viper Echis carinatus sochureki Not evaluated  
188 Transcaspian Saw-scaled Viper Echis carinatus multisquamatus Not evaluated  
189 Astola Saw-scaled Viper Echis carinatus astolae Not evaluated  
190 Leaf-nosed Viper Eristicophis macmahonii Not evaluated  
191 Persian Horned Viper Pseudocerastes persicus persicus Not evaluated  
192 Levantine Viper Macrovipera labetina obtuse Not evaluated  
193 Russell’s Viper Daboia russelii russelii Not evaluated  
194 Himalayan Pit Viper Gloydius himalayanus Not evaluated  

Naeem Javid Muhammad Hassani is working as Conservator of Forests in Balochistan Forest & Wildlife Department (BFWD). He is the CEO of Tech Urdu (techurdu.net) Forestrypedia (forestrypedia.com), All Pak Notifications (allpaknotifications.com), Essayspedia, etc & their YouTube Channels). He is an Environmentalist, Blogger, YouTuber, Developer & Vlogger.

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