Forest EcologyGeneral SilviculturePlant Taxonomy

Salvadora oleoides Dene.

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Salvadora oleoides Dene. Family


Salvadora oleoides Dene. English Name


Salvadora oleoides Dene. Local Name

Van, Pilu

Salvadora oleoides Dene.

Salvadora oleoides Dene. Description

A large evergreen shrub or tree, sometimes growing into a rather large tree. The leaves are 3.8 to 7.8 cm long. Bark is grey and slightly rough. The flowers are 2.35 cm across. The fruit is a drupe 5 cm in diameter, sub-sessile, globose and yellow in color when ripe. Flowers occur in March and April. The seed matures in summer. It is reproduced from seed. Poly bag raised 1-year old seedlings can be successfully planted out. The tree is currently being heavily lopped for fodder and fuel. Efforts should be made to initiate a planting program as well as a protection program for existing individuals and groups of individuals. The tree would become extinct if new plantations are not raised in its natural ecological zone i.e. deserts of Thal, Cholistan and Tharparkar. It grows about 6 cm/year in height. Grains are straight, fine, and even textured having Calorific value of 5100 Kcal/kg

Salvadora oleoides Dene.

Salvadora oleoides Dene. Distribution

The tree is native to Pakistan and occurs throughout the plains of the Punjab. It is restricted to hot, dry areas of the Punjab waste lands. An intolerant tree that grows as scattered individuals or groups in the desert. Occurs with Prosopis cineraria and Capparis aphylla on a variety of well drained sandy soils. It is adapted to a precipitation zone of 100 to 250 mm/yr, in a temperature range of 10 to 50°C. It prefers an arid, dry, sub-tropical, tropical thorn type climate and is very susceptible to frost. In its natural range it is disease and insect free.

Salvadora oleoides Dene.

Salvadora oleoides Dene. Uses

It is a good fodder tree for harsh sites. Also used as fuel, fruit medicinal (leaves for coughs, root bark as vesicant, fruit extract for spleen), wheels, building materials, boat building knees, tools. Oil from seed.

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