Suitable Species for Different Silvo-Ecological Zones in Balochistan

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Suitable Species for Different Silvo-Ecological Zones in Balochistan
Suitable Species for Different Silvo-Ecological Zones in Balochistan

1. Mangroves

(Gawadar, Lasbella districts)

Scientific NameLocal NameIndigenous/Exotic
Main SpeciesScientific NameLocaldignous/Exo
Avicennia marinaTivar, TimirNative
Rhizophora mucronateTimmarNative
Ceriops tagalKirrari, CharuiNative

2. Coastal Zone

(Gwadar, Awaran, Lasbela districts)

Scientific NameLocal NameIndigenous/Exotic
Main Species
Vachellia niloticaKikarNative
Senegalia senegalKikarNative
Prosopis cinerariaKandiNative
Tamarix aphyllaGazNative
Azadirachta indicaNeemNative
Subsidiary Species
Ficus religiosaPipalNative
Dodonaea viscosaSanathaNative
Ziziphus mauritianaBerNative
Pithecellobium dulceJungle JalaibiNaturalized
Casuarina equisetifoliaJangli SaruNaturalized
Acacia cyanophyllaConoExotic
Conocarpus lancifoliusEthiopian teakExotic

3. Subtropical Arid Foothills

(Kech, Awaran, Panjgur districts)

Scientific NameLocal NameIndigenous/Exotic
Main Species
Senegalia senegalKhairNative
Tamarix aphyllaGhazNative
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Delbergia sissooShishamNative
Salix tetraspermaWillowNative
Morus albaTootNative
Subsidiary Species
Robinia pseudoacaciaChambliNaturalized
Ailanthus altissimaAsmaniNaturalized
Ficus caricaAnjeerNative
Ziziphus mauritianaBerNative
Capparis deciduaKaril, KarirNative
Dodonea viscosaSanathaNative

4. Subtropical Semi-arid Foothills

(Khuzdar, Lasbella districts)

Scientific NameLocal NameIndigenous/Exotic
Main Species  
Senegalia modestaPhulaiNative
Olea ferrugineaKao, Indian OliveNative
Prosopis cinerariaKandiNative
Tecomella undulataLahuraNative
Vachellia niloticaKikarNative
Tamarix aphylla GhazNative
Albizia lebbeckBlack SirisNative
Albizia proceraWhite SirisNative
Delbergia sissoo,ShishamNative
Morus albaTootNative
Azadirachta indicaNeemNative
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Subsidiary Species
Moringa oleiferaSohanjnaNative
Cordia dichotomaLasuraNative
Tamarindus indicaImliNative
Syzygium cuminiJamanNative
Senegalia senegalKhair (Sind)Native
Capparis deciduaKaril, KarirNative
Zizyphus nummulariaMalla, Jher beriNative
Commiphora wightiiGuggul, GugalNative
Euphorbia caducifoliasensu HookNative
Dodonea viscosaSanathaNative

5. Subtropical Arid Highlands

(Panjgur, Kalat, Khuzdar, Kharan, Washuk, Chagai, Nushki,

Mastung, Suraab, Quetta, Killa Abdullah, Pishin districts)

Scientific NameLocal NameIndigenous/Exotic
Main Species
Pistacia khinjukwild pistachioNative
Olea ferrugineaZaitoonNative
Fraxinus xanthoxyloideswild ash/HanuzNative
Tamarix aphyllaGhazNative
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Morus albaTootNative
Albizia proceraWhite SirisNative
Delbergia sissooShishamNative
Subsidiary Species
Robinia pseudoacaciaChambliNaturalized
Ailanthus altissimaAsmaniNaturalized
Ficus caricaAnjeerNative
Ziziphus jujubeBerNative/Exotic
Parkinsonia aculeataParkinsoniaExotic
Olea europaeaOliveNative
Dodonaea viscosaSanthaNative

6. Arid Deserts

(Washuk, Chagai, Nushki, Kharan, and Panjgur districts)

Scientific NameLocal NameIndigenous/Exotic
Haloxylon stocksiiKhar, Barilla, sajji.Native
Tamarix aphyllaGhazNative
Subsidiary Species
Salix tetraspermaBed-i-laila, Safaida.Native

7. Sub-Tropical Arid Plains

(Kachhi, Sibi, Jhal Magsi, Nasirabad, Jaffarabad,

Sohbat Pur, Kohlu and Dera Bugti districts)

Scientific NameLocal NameIndigenous/Exotic
Main Species
Prosopis cinerariaKandiNative
Tamarix aphyllaFarashNative
Salvadora oleoidesPilu, wan, KhabbarNative
Vachellia nilotica KikarNative
Albizia lebbeckBlack SirisNative
Albizia proceraWhite SirisNative
Delbergia sissooShishamNative
Azadirachta indicaNeemNative
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Subsidiary Species
Moringa oleiferaSohanjnaNative
Morus albaTootNative
Capparis deciduaKarir, KarilNative
Zizyphus mauritianaBerNative

8. Subtropical Arid Hills

(Khuzdar, Kachhi, Sibi, Kohlu, Harnai, and Dera Bugti districts)

Scientific NameLocal NameIndigenous/Exotic
Main Species
Senegalia modestaPhulaiNative
Olea ferrugineaKao, Indian OliveNative
Tecomella undulataLahuraNative
Prosopis cinerariaKandiNative
Vachellia nilotica KikarNative
Albezia lebbekBlack SirisNative
Albizia proceraWhite SirisNative
Delbergia sissooShishamNative
Azadirachta indicaNeemNative
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Morus albaTootNative
Subsidiary Species
Olea ferrugineaZaitoonNative
Tamarax aphyllaGhazNative
Moringa oleiferaSohanjnaNative
Dodonaea viscosaSanathaNative
Ziziphus mauritianaBerNative

9. Dry Temperate Highlands

(Killa Abdullah, Pishin, Killa Saifullah, Loralai, Duki,

Barkhan, Musakhail, Sherani and Zhob districts)

Scientific NameLocal NameIndigenous/Exotic
Main Species
Pistacia khinjukShinaNative
Olea ferrugineaZaitoonNative
Segalaia modestaPhulaiNative
Fraxinus xanthoxyloideswild ashNative
Fraxinus excelsiorQuetta AshNative
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Platanus orientalisChinarNative
Tamarix aphyllaGhazNative
Morus albaTootNative
Albizia proceraWhite SirisNative
Delbergia sissooShishamNative
Subsidiary Species
Pinus halepensisQuetta PineExotic
Salix tetraspermaBed-i-laila, Safaida.Native
Ficus caricaAnjeerNative
Olea europaeaOliveNative
Pistacia veraPistaNative
Ziziphus jujubaBerNative
Robinia pseudoacaciaChambliNaturalized
Ailanthus altissimaAsmaniNaturalized
Dodonaea viscosaSanathaNative


10. Dry Temperate Mountains

 (Ziarat, Quetta, Kalat, Mastung, Pishin, Killa Saifullah,

Loralai, Zhob, Sherani and Musakhail districts}

Scientific NameLocal NameIndigenous/Exotic
Main Species
Juniperus excelsaObushtNative
Pinus gerardianaChalghoza pineNative
Pinus wallichianaNashtarNative
Fraxinus xanthoxyloidesWild ashNative
Pistacia khinjukShinaNative
Pistacia atlanticaGwan, Khanjak, BadwarNative
Platanus orientalisChinarNative
Morus albaTootNative
Fraxinus excelsiorQuetta AshNative
Subsidiary Species
Pinus halepensisQuetta PineExotic
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Elaeagnus angustifoliaSinjidNative
Robinia pseudoacaciaChambliNaturalized
Ailanthus altissimaAsmaniNaturalized
Pistacia veraPistaNative
Ficus caricaAnjeerNative
Olea europaeaOliveNative

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