Suitable Species for Different Silvo-Ecological Zones in Punjab

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Suitable Species for Different Silvo-Ecological Zones in Punjab
Suitable Species for Different Silvo-Ecological Zones in Punjab

1. Moist Himalayan – Murree Hills Zone

Scientific NameLocal NameNative/Exotic
Main Species  
Pinus wallichianaBlue pineNative
Abies pindrowFirNative
Picea smithianaSpruceNative
Acer oblongumPanhgorNative
Aesculus indicaBankhorNative
Juglans regiaWalnutNative
Populus ciliateHimalayan poplarNative
Quercus dilatateBarungiNative
Quercus glaucaBanniNative
Subsidiary Species  
Prunus cornutaBird cherryNative
Pyrus pashiaBatangiNative
Diospyros lotusAmlokNative
Cedrus deodaraDeodarNative
Taxus wallichianaBurmi, ThunaNative
Albizia chinensisOhiNative

2. Sub-Tropical Chir Pine Zone

Scientific NameLocal NameNative/Exotic
Main Species  
Pinus roxburghiiChir pineNative
Quercus incanaWhite oakNative
Subsidiary Species  
Bauhinia purpureaKachnarNative
Pistacia KhinjukGuli-pistaNative
Sapindus mukorossiRithaExotic
Juglans regiaWalnutNative
Terminalia belericaBaheraNative
Rhizophora mucronateTimmarNative
Ziziphus jujubeUnabNative
Punica granatumAnnar DannaNative
Salix tetrasperma Indian WillowNative

3. Sub-Tropical Broad Leaved Mixed Forest Zone

Scientific NameLocal NameNative/Exotic
Main Species  
Senegalia modestaPhulaiNative
Cassia fistulaAmaltasNative
Cordia dicotomaLasuriNative
Cordia myxaLasuraNative
Olea ferrugineaKahuNative
Dalbergia sissooShishamNative
Phyllanthus emblicaAmlaNative
Bauhinia purpureaKachnarNative
Dalbergia sissooShishamNative
Subsidiary Species  
Sapindus mukorossiRithaExotic
Morus albaMulberryNative
Bombax ceibaSimelNative

4. Pothowar & Pabbi Hills Zone

Scientific NameLocal NameNative/Exotic
Main Species  
Senegalia modestaPhulaiNative
Olea ferrugineaKahuNative
Bauhinia purpureaKachnarNative
Cassia fistulaAmaltasNative
Morus albaMulberryNative
Dalbergia sissooShishamNative
Vachellia niloticaBabulNative
Vachellia nilotica subsp. CupressiformisKabuli KikarNative
Albizzia lebbekBlack SirisNative
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Ficus caricaFigNative
Cordia dicotomaLasurinative
Subsidiary Species  
Cordia myxaLasuraNative
Ziziphus mauritianaBerNative
Tecomella undulataLahuraNative
Tamarix aphyllaFarashNative
Butea frondosaDhakNative

5. Suleman Hills & Piedmont Plains Zone

Scientific NameLocal NameNative/Exotic
Main species  
Senegalia modestaPhulaiNative
Olea ferrugineaKahuNative
Tecomella undulataLahuraNative
   
Vachellia niloticaBabulNative
Prosopis cinerariaJand/KandiNative
Salvadora oleoidesPiluNative
Capparis deciduaDelaNative
Subsidiary Species  
Ziziphus mauritianaBerNative
Parkinsonia aculeata ParkinsoniaExotic
Albizzia lebbekBlack SirisNative
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Vachellia farnesianaGu-KikarExotic

6. Cholistan Desert Zone

Scientific NameLocal NameNative/Exotic
Prosopis cinerariaJand/KandiNative
Tamarix aphyllaFarashNative
Salvadora oleoidesPiluNative
Ziziphus mauritianaBerNative
Capparis deciduaDelaNative

7. Thal desert – Non irrigated

Scientific NameLocal NameNative/Exotic
Main species
Prosopis cinerariaJand/KandiNative
Tamarix aphyllaFarashNative
Salvadora oleoidesPiluNative
Albizzia lebbekBlack SirisNative
Ziziphus mauritianaBerNative
Subsidiary Species
Azadirachta indicaNeemNative
Parkinsonia aculeata ParkinsoniaExotic
Vachellia niloticaBabulNative
Capparis deciduaDelaNative

8. Subhumid Indus Plains (Irrigated)

Scientific NameLocal NameNative/Exotic
Main Species
Dalbergia sissooShishamNative
Terminalia arjunaArjunNative
Terminalia belericaBaheraNative
Gmelina arboreaGumharExotic
Bombax ceibaSimelNative
Syzygium cuminiJamunNative
Albizzia lebbekBlack SirisNative
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Ziziphus mauritianaBerNative
Azadirachta indicaNeemNative
Subsidiary Species
Senegalia modestaPhulaiNative
Cassia fistulaAmaltasNative
Bauhinia purpureaKachnarNative
Tamarix aphyllaFarashNative
Parkinsonia aculeata ParkinsoniaExotic
Moringa pterygospermaSohanjnaNative
Tecomella undulataLahuraNative
Millettia pinnataSukh ChainNative
Erythrina suberosaGul-i-NishterNative
Cordia dicotomaLasuriNative
Cordia myxaLasuraNative
Butea frondosaDhakNative
Populus deltoidesSafed PoplarExotic
Populus euphraticaBahanNative
Ficus caricaFigNative

9. Semi-Arid Indus Plains (Irrigated)

Scientific NameLocal NameNative/Exotic
Main Species
Dalbergia sissooShishamNative
Morus albaMulberryNative
Terminalia arjunaArjunNative
Gmelina arboreaGumharExotic
Bombax ceibaSimelNative
Syzygium cuminiJamunNative
Albizzia lebbekBlack SirisNative
Melia azedarachBakainNative
Ziziphus mauritianaBerNative
Azadirachta indicaNeemNative
Sesbania sesbanJantarExotic
Salvadora oleoidesPiluNative

10. Arid Indus Plains (Irrigated)

Scientific NameLocal NameNative/Exotic
Dalbergia sissooShishamNative
Terminalia arjunaArjunNative
Gmelina arboreaGumharExotic
Syzygium cuminiJamunNative
Albizzia lebbekBlack SirisNative
Ziziphus mauritianaBerNative
Azadirachta indicaNeemNative
Sesbania sesbanJantarExotic
Salvadora oleoidesPiluNative
Capparis deciduaDelaNative

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