Taxus wallichiana Zucc. Family
Taxus wallichiana Zucc. English Name
Taxus wallichiana Zucc. Local Name
Taxus wallichiana Zucc. Description
This plant is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree growing up to the height of about 10 m. The shoots of the plant are green at first, becoming brown after 3 to 4 years. The leaves are slightly falcate, thin and are 1.5 to 3 cm long and 2 mm wide, having soft mucronate apex; they are spirally arranged on the shoots but twisted at the base. It is dioecious which means male and female cones are present on separate plants; the seed cone has berry-like shape with a single scale developing into a soft, juicy red aril 1cm diameter, containing a single dark brown seed of about 5 to 8 mm long. The pollen cones are globose and are 4 mm diameter.
Taxus wallichiana Zucc. Distribution
This plant is native to the Himalayan regions and parts of south-east Asia including Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Burma, Indonesia and Philippines. It can be found at the elevation of 1800‑3000m. The species favours a reasonably wide range of habitats, growing on mountains and in temperate, warm temperate forests.
Taxus wallichiana Zucc. Uses
The wood is flexible and in ancient times was used for making of bows. The tree has medicinal use in Tibetan and Ayurveda medicine. People in Himalayan regions use the stem bark of the tree to make special tea. The leaves and fruits are antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, emmenagogue and sedative and are used in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis hiccough, epilepsy and indigestion Traditional medicine has made use of young shoots and leaves and sometimes of inner bark for a long time in various potions, tinctures, and pastes Local community uses its wood as fuel. The wood is durable and strong. It is used for door frames, cabinet work and wood turning and wood inlaying, also for candlesticks, knife handles etc. Less refined products are gates and fences, poles, struts and ‘wattle and daub’ in walls of rural buildings.