Types of Fish Found in Pakistan

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VARIOUS TYPES OF FISH FOUND IN PAKISTAN:

IMPORTANT FISH ( AS FOOD)

Theila (Catla catla)

Structure:

Body oblong, moderately compressed, head broad, eyes situated in the lower lip. Large regular scales. No barbells (ie a slender feeler resembling a whisker on the lips or jaws of some fishes)

Colour:

                        Body grayish in color on the back, silvery on sides and beneath the fins

Length:

                        Maximum about 6 feet

Habit:

Freshwater river fish can live in slightly brackish water. It does not breed on ponds.

Spawning (to produce and deposit eggs) period:

                        June – August.



Rohu (Labeo rohita)

Structure:

Body deep; dorsal profile more concave than abdominal; snout obtuse and compressed. Scaly, one pair of small maxillary barbells is present.

Colour:

Bluish or brownish along the back, silvery on the sides and beneath. Usually a red mark on each scale

Length:

                        Maximum about 3 feet

Habit:

Freshwater river fish can live in slightly brackish water. Cultivation possible in ponds

Spawning period:

                        June – August.

Kalbans (Labeo callasu)

Structure:

Body is deep and well built. There are four barbells along the mouth. Mouth is narrow.

Colour:

                        Bluish

Length:

                        Maximum 3 feet

Habit:

                        Freshwater river fish

Spawning period:

                        June – August.

Mirgal mori (Cirrhina mrigala)

Structure:

Body oblong, moderately compressed. One pair of barbells is present, and scales are present.

Colour:

                        Silvery dark grey

Length:

                        Maximum about 3 feet

Habit:

                        Fresh Water River fish; suitable for cultivation

Spawning period:

                        June – August.

Mahaseer (Barbus eputitora)

Structure:

Body oblong, compressed and streamlined. The length of the head is greater than the depth of body. Scales are broad. Two barbells are present on either side of the mouth.

Colour:

                        Dorsal region greenish and ventral whitish

Length:

                        Maximum 9 feet

Habit:

Suitable for clear and cold waters of hilly rivers and streams. So cultivation on mountains and lakes at is possible.

Spawning period:

                        April – September

Trout (Salmo spp)

Structure:

Body is short but stout (strong in structure).

Colour:

Head, the upper region of the body and dorsal fins are mottled with red and black spots. Small black spots are also present under lateral lines. The ventral surface is dark grey.

Length:

                        15 – 20 cm

Habit:

                        It is found in clear, cold and fast flowing water.

Spawning period:

                        October to March



Mullee (Wallago attu)

Structure:

Body elongated and compressed. Head is broad. Two pairs of barbels are present. The dorsal fin is very short and without spices.

Colour:

                        Bluish to grey

Length:

                        Maximum 6 feet

Habit:

                        Freshwater river and lake fish

Spawning period:

                        Monsoon

Chinese Grass Corp (Ctenopharyngoden idellus)

Structure:

Body elongated and moderately compressed. Head is broad with a short and rounded snout. Barbells present. Scales are of moderate size.

Colour:

                        Dark grey above and silvery on belly

Length:

                        Maximum 4 feet

Habit:

                        Freshwater river fish

Spawning period:

                        June – August.

Murrel (Ophicephalus morulium)

Structure:

Body compressed. Scales are of moderate size.

Colour:

                        Back grayish, abdomen orange

Length:

                        Maximum 4 feet

Habit:

                        Freshwater fish

Spawning period:

                        June – August.

Bhor (Barbut tor)

Structure:

Long, compressed and streamlined body. The length of the head is less than the depth of the body. Body covered with broad scales. There are two barbels on either side of the mouth.

Colour:

                        Silvery grey with red fins

Length:

                        Maximum about 4 feet

Habit:

                        Hilly streams and river fish

Spawning period:

                        April to September


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Naeem Javid Muhammad Hassani

NJMH is working as Deputy Conservator of Forests in Balochistan Forest & Wildlife Department (BFWD). He is the CEO of Tech Urdu (techurdu.net) Forestrypedia (forestrypedia.com), Majestic Pakistan (majesticpakistan.pk), All Pak Notifications (allpaknotifications.com), Essayspedia, etc & their YouTube Channels). He is an Environmentalist, Blogger, YouTuber, Developer & Vlogger.

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