Nursery – Importance and Types

NURSERY:

A place where plants are grown commercially, either for sale direct to the public or to other retailers.

OR;     an area where we grow and nurse young progeny (an offspring of a person, animal, or plant) of plants is called Nursery.

Purpose of Nursery:

  • Nurseries are used for artificial plantation. We raise nurseries in those areas where natural regeneration is low or slow.
  • Nurseries are raised to get plants of the right size at right time.
  • Nurseries are raised to get such plants which are good in health.
  • Nurseries are raised to get plants of the desired spp.

Importance of Nursery:

Establishment of a nursery is important for the following reasons.

  • Production of proposed size and age of seedlings.
  • Production of the desired number of seedlings.
  • Production of healthy plants of the desired spp.
  • Production of plants of superior quality.
  • Production of desired plants at right time.
  • Production of seedlings at a cheaper cost.



TYPES OF NURSERIES:

There are two types of nurseries:

  1. Temporary Nursery
  2. Permanent Nursery

Temporary Nursery:

Those nurseries which are made for the time being ie for one or two years are called temporary nurseries eg Shisham nurseries at Changa Manga.

  • These nurseries are usually made in felling coups so that after felling, regeneration can be done easily or in those areas where afforestation work is needed.
  • Soil for these nurseries should be fertile because we do not give fertilizers to these nurseries.
  • These nurseries are raised along roadside and canal side plantations.

Advantages of Temporary Nursery:

  • Temporary nurseries are at the time called flying nurseries ie these can be shifted to any site.
  • Low capital cost
  • Reduced transport cost
  • Within climatic site conditions
  • Skilled labor is not required
  • Near planting site
SEE ALSO:  Physiography, Bio-geographical and Ecological zones

Disadvantages of Temporary Nursery:

  • Water supply may be poor
  • Soil may be poor
  • Shortage of trained labor
  • All can result in poor quality trees

Permanent Nurseries:

Those nurseries which are not temporary but remain year after year are called permanent nurseries. E.g. nursery shown in the above figure

  • Such nurseries should be centrally located so that distribution of plants may be easy.
  • It should be near headquartered so that it should be protected and supervised during work.
  • These nurseries should be manure and fertilized from time to time.

Nursery - DMJ - Forestrypedia

Advantages of Permanent Nursery:

  • It is well designed
  • It has a good water supply
  • Provide required no of plants
  • Provide required size of plants
  • Provide good quality of plants
  • Has good soil
  • Well managed and protected
  • Planting material is always available

Disadvantages of Permanent Nursery:

  • It requires high capital cost
  • It requires high transport cost
  • Not always in climatic site conditions
  • Not always near the planting site
  • Permanent and skilled labor is required.

Image: A Permanent Forest Nursery at Dera Murad Jamali Naseerabad Balochistan. | April 3, 2015 | Captured by Author. 


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